What Is Diabetic Macular Odema?
Diabetic macular Odema is area of retinal thickening (due to fluid accumulation) causing blurred vision, making it hard to do things like read or drive. In some cases, the vision will get better or worse during the day. DMO can be diagnosed clinically but in early stages OCT scan and sometimes angiography is needed. The treatment of centre involving macular edema is with anti VEGF injections which arrest, then reverse the edema, which is leakage from damaged vessels. If the Macular center is spared argon laser can also help. At each visit most eyes will have improved vision soon after the injections due to reduced fluid as seen by OCT. Our modern treatments avoid most of the side effects of the older treatments such as cataract formation and glaucoma.
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