What is Wet AMD?
Wet Macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of severe vision loss in patients over 65.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a deterioration or breakdown of the eye’s macula. The macula is a small area in the retina – the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for your central vision such as reading and driving, allowing you to see fine details clearly.
When the macula does not function correctly, your central vision can be affected by blurriness, dark areas or distortion. The degree of damage to the macula can vary from patient to patient and the symptoms can range from mild to severe. In the vast majority of cases, AMD does not automatically progress to blindness. Although AMD reduces vision in the central part of the retina, it usually does not affect the eye’s peripheral, or side, vision. Even patients with advanced macular disease tend to retain excellent peripheral vision.
Two types of macular degeneration
Wet AMD results when abnormal blood vessels develop underneath the retina at the back of the eye. These new blood vessels are fragile and often leak fluid or blood, causing blurry central vision. In contrast with dry AMD, patients with wet AMD often, but not always, experience sudden and severe vision loss.
The eyesight can be maintained and improved with special treatment using anti VEGF injections. The key is early diagnosis and treatment for this debilitating condition. Do not ignore your blur or distorted vision even in one eye.
If you suspect you have Wet AMD:
- See a retina specialist as soon as possible.
- Request an OCT scan, which can diagnosis the disease.
- Have a fluorescein angiogram to complete a full assessment.
To learn more about Wet AMD, visit EyeSmart.org